Barbourula – Jungle toads

Small toads, native to the Philippines and Borneo

These nocturnal amphibians spend daytime hours in burrows, leaf litter, or under logs in subtropical or tropical lowland forests, swamps, riverbanks, or marshes of the Philippines and Borneo.

There are only two species in this genus: Philippine flat-headed frog and Bornean flat-headed frog. These two species together diverged from other amphibians approx. 65 mya. That is around the same time that dinosaurs went extinct! The Bornean flat-headed frog gets all of its oxygen through its skin and is the only lungless frog currently known to science.