Panthera – Panthers

When the teacher puts all the strong kids in one group

The most endangered of all the cat genera.

Earlier comprised all large and small spotted cats, but a more recent classification only includes five big cats in the genus. All five are apex predators and flagship species. From high mountains to savannahs to the rainforests of Asia and Africa, they can be found in various habitats.

They have significant ecological and cultural importance but are endangered. For these species, major conservation obstacles include a fall in their prey base, habitat loss, hunting, conflicts with humans (as they present a danger to livestock), and illegal trafficking. Tiger, lion, snow leopard, and leopard are commercially exploited (by poaching and illegal trade). Jaguars have recently been threatened by their use in Chinese medicines.