Rhinella – South American toads
Native to Central and South America; this genus also contains the infamous, widely introduced cane toad
Roughly the color of the dead leaves among which they live, these frogs are native to the neotropical parts of Central and South America along with Mexico. The members of this genus are known for their carnivorous habits and freshwater lifestyle.
During extremely cold and dry seasons, these frogs remain inactive in shallow digs beneath the ground cover. When confronted by a predator, some members of the genus can secrete bufotoxin, which, if ingested, could cause muscle twitching, vomiting, shallow breathing, and collapse of the hind limbs.