Aardwolf

Unlike other hyenas, they do not hunt or scavenge but mainly consume termites

Catherine Withers-Clarke

Aardwolf means “earth-wolf” in Afrikaans and Dutch. They are also called ‘maanhaar-jackal’ which comes from Afrikaans for “mane-jackal,” meaning “termite-eating hyena.” Their yellowish pelage is marked with black vertical stripes, and they also have a long mane down the midline of the neck and the back. The mane can be raised when they feel threatened to make them look bigger.

They can consume up to 250,000 termites in a night by using their long and sticky tongues to trap termites. The tongue is also tough enough to withstand the strong bite of termites. Their diet might also consist of larvae and insects.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Angola
2014
Botswana
2014
Djibouti
2014
Presence Uncertain
Egypt
2014
Eritrea
2014
Eswatini
2014
Ethiopia
2014
Kenya
2014
Lesotho
2014
Presence Uncertain
Mozambique
2014
Namibia
2014
Somalia
2014
South Africa
2014
South Sudan
2014
Sudan
2014
Tanzania
2014
Uganda
2014
Zambia
2014
Zimbabwe
2014

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No