Brown hyena

Rarest of all four hyena species; native to southern Africa

The brown hyena is also known as strandwolf, and they are currently the rarest species of hyena. They have a shaggy brown pelage with long fur on their neck, back, and shoulders which can be raised when threatened. They also have large heads, pointy ears, muscular shoulders, and sloping back limbs. Their howl is weird and resembles a hysterical human laugh.

Brown hyenas are nocturnal as they sleep during the day under the cover of trees, bushes, or rocks to prevent overheating. When they forage, they follow the path they used before and have scent marked. They mainly feed on carrion but occasionally hunt living animals such as small mammals.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Angola
2014
Botswana
2014
Eswatini
2014
Presence Uncertain
Mozambique
2014
Presence Uncertain
Namibia
2014
South Africa
2014
Zimbabwe
2014

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No