Black howler

Allomothering is a common activity: females of a group display communal care for each other’s infants


Black howler


Allomothering is a common activity: females of a group display communal care for each other’s infants

25 – 30% reduction in the next 36 years

Known colloquially as the black-and-gold howler due to the stark contrast in pelage color between males and females, this species presents a vivid illustration of nature’s diversity. Males boast a sleek, black fur, serving as a vivid backdrop to the females’ golden or blonde coats, a feature that enhances the visibility of social and familial structures within their forested realms.

The fascinating aspect of their offspring’s development is the transition of fur color from golden in infancy, seamlessly blending into the maternal coat, to the darker hues characteristic of adulthood. This color adaptation serves as a protective measure, camouflaging the vulnerable infants against the lush foliage and the prying eyes of predators.

Beyond their visual allure, Black Howler Monkeys are renowned for their sonorous vocalizations, which resonate through the forests of South America at dawn. The males’ deep, guttural howls, facilitated by a uniquely adapted, egg-shaped hyoid bone, serve as acoustic signals that delineate territory and maintain social cohesion. This vocal mechanism, one of the most powerful among primates, allows groups to communicate over considerable distances, effectively reducing the likelihood of physical confrontations and ensuring the equitable distribution of resources among neighboring troops.

Their diet primarily consists of a variety of leaves, supplemented by fruits and flowers, which underscores their role as folivores within their ecosystem. This dietary preference has significant implications for forest regeneration, as the Black Howler Monkeys aid in seed dispersal through their feeding habits, contributing to the biodiversity and health of their environment.


Population est.
Presence Uncertain

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd / Group

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No