Common blackbird

Arguably among the most beautiful songbirds in the world — they enjoy singing after a rain shower

David Friel


Common blackbird

EXEWCRENVUNTLCDDNE

Arguably among the most beautiful songbirds in the world — they enjoy singing after a rain shower

Population 10M – 500M

A familiar and widespread bird found across Europe, parts of Asia, and North Africa. Known for its melodious song and striking appearance, the common blackbird is a beloved fixture in gardens, woodlands, and urban areas. Its adaptability to various environments has contributed to its widespread presence and popularity among bird watchers and nature enthusiasts.

Physically, the common blackbird exhibits sexual dimorphism, meaning males and females have different appearances. Male blackbirds are easily recognizable by their glossy black plumage, bright yellow beak, and distinctive yellow ring around their eyes. Females, on the other hand, have brownish feathers with a slightly lighter, speckled throat and a dark beak. Juveniles resemble females but often have more pronounced speckling and a less defined eye ring.

The diet of the common blackbird is diverse and changes with the seasons. They primarily feed on insects, earthworms, and other invertebrates, which they find by foraging on the ground, often in leaf litter or soft soil. During the autumn and winter months, when insects are less abundant, blackbirds switch to a diet that includes a variety of fruits and berries. This dietary flexibility helps them survive in different environments and seasons, contributing to their widespread distribution.
Their breeding behavior is also quite fascinating. The breeding season typically starts in early spring and can last until late summer. Blackbirds are known for their beautiful, flute-like songs, which males use to establish territories and attract mates.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Afghanistan
2016
Albania
2016
Algeria
2016
Andorra
2016
Armenia
2016
Australia
2016
Introduced
Austria
2016
Azerbaijan
2016
Bahrain
2016
Vagrant
Belarus
2016
Belgium
2016
Bosnia And Herz.
2016
Bulgaria
2016
Canada
2016
Vagrant
China
2016
Breeding
Croatia
2016
Cyprus
2016
Czechia
2016
Denmark
2016
Egypt
2016
Vagrant
Estonia
2016
Faroe Islands
2016
Finland
2016
France
2016
Georgia
2016
Germany
2016
Gibraltar
2016
Greece
2016
Greenland
2016
Vagrant
Hungary
2016
Iceland
2016
Iran
2016
Non-Breeding
Iraq
2016
Non-Breeding
Ireland
2016
Israel
2016
Non-Breeding
Italy
2016
Jordan
2016
Kazakhstan
2016
Vagrant
Kuwait
2016
Non-Breeding
Kyrgyzstan
2016
Vagrant
Latvia
2016
Lebanon
2016
Libya
2016
Vagrant
Liechtenstein
2016
Lithuania
2016
Luxembourg
2016
Malta
2016
Moldova
2016
Montenegro
2016
Morocco
2016
Netherlands
2016
New Zealand
2016
Introduced
North Macedonia
2016
Norway
2016
Breeding
Poland
2016
Portugal
2016
Qatar
2016
Vagrant
Romania
2016
Russia
2016
European Russia
Saint Helena
Official estimate
EX
Extinct locally, Introduced
Saudi Arabia
2016
Non-Breeding
Serbia
2016
Slovakia
2016
Slovenia
2016
Spain
2016
Svalbard
2016
Vagrant
Sweden
2016
Switzerland
2016
Syria
2016
Tajikistan
2016
Vagrant
Tunisia
2016
Turkmenistan
2016
Vagrant
Turkey
2016
UAE
2016
Non-Breeding
Ukraine
2016
United Kingdom
2016
United States
2016
Vagrant
Uzbekistan
2016
Vagrant

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No