Common frog

It is one of the most widespread and familiar amphibians in Europe

Stephan Sprinz

Thriving in a variety of climates and environments, this frog has become synonymous with the health and vitality of the habitats it occupies. Its adaptability and resilience make it a fascinating subject for both scientific study and public interest. The common frog is easily recognizable by its smooth, moist skin, usually colored in shades of green, brown, or gray, often with distinctive dark spots or stripes. This coloration serves as excellent camouflage in their natural surroundings, protecting them from predators. The frog’s robust body, paired with strong, long hind legs, makes it an efficient jumper, a trait useful for quickly escaping threats and capturing prey.

These frogs are most commonly found in temperate regions and are especially prevalent in woodland areas, grasslands, and garden ponds. They thrive in wet environments but can also be found in drier areas as long as there is access to water during the breeding season. During the colder months, common frogs hibernate in mud, under piles of decomposing leaves, or in other insulating materials to shield themselves from the freezing temperatures.

Diet-wise, the common frog is an opportunistic predator. Its diet primarily consists of insects, spiders, snails, and worms. The presence of these frogs in gardens and farmlands is beneficial as they help control pest populations, naturally aiding in the balance of local ecosystems.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Albania
2020
Andorra
2020
Austria
2020
Belarus
2020
Belgium
2020
Bulgaria
2020
Croatia
2020
Czechia
2020
Denmark
2020
Finland
2020
France
2020
Germany
2020
Greece
2020
Hungary
2020
Ireland
2020
Italy
2020
Kazakhstan
2020
Liechtenstein
2020
Luxembourg
2020
Montenegro
2020
Netherlands
2020
North Macedonia
2020
Norway
2020
Poland
2020
Romania
2020
Russia
2020
San Marino
2020
Serbia
2020
Slovakia
2020
Slovenia
2020
Spain
2020
Sweden
2020
Switzerland
2020
United Kingdom
2020
Great Britain

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No