Common toad

A warty amphibian with golden eyes

Iric

These toads, found throughout Europe and parts of Asia, are a vital component of their ecosystems. They typically grow to be about 15 cm (6 inches) in length, although there can be variations in size among individuals. They are often characterized by their warty and textured skin, which serves as a form of protection against predators. Their coloration can vary between brown and green, with some individuals even displaying shades of gray or olive. Their distinctive golden eyes further add to their unique appearance.

These toads are primarily nocturnal creatures, meaning they are most active during the night. They possess a diet that consists mainly of insects, slugs, and various small invertebrates. Their foraging behavior plays a crucial role in regulating the populations of these invertebrates, making them valuable contributors to the balance of local ecosystems.

Despite their essential role, the common toad faces several threats to its survival. Habitat loss due to urbanization and agricultural expansion poses a significant challenge, limiting the areas where they can breed and find food. Additionally, pollution, including pesticides and chemicals, can have detrimental effects on their populations and the health of their habitat. Another concerning threat is the deadly chytrid fungus, a pathogenic fungus that has been responsible for declines in amphibian populations worldwide.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Albania
2008
Algeria
2008
Andorra
2008
Austria
2008
Belarus
2008
Belgium
2008
Bosnia And Herz.
2008
Bulgaria
2008
Croatia
2008
Czechia
2008
Denmark
2008
Estonia
2008
Finland
2008
France
2008
Germany
2008
Gibraltar
2008
Greece
2008
Hungary
2008
Italy
2008
Kazakhstan
2008
Latvia
2008
Lebanon
2008
Liechtenstein
2008
Lithuania
2008
Luxembourg
2008
Moldova
2008
Monaco
2008
Montenegro
2008
Morocco
2008
Netherlands
2008
North Macedonia
2008
Norway
2008
Poland
2008
Portugal
2008
Romania
2008
Russia
2008
San Marino
2008
Serbia
2008
Slovakia
2008
Slovenia
2008
Spain
2008
Sweden
2008
Switzerland
2008
Syria
2008
Tunisia
2008
Turkey
2008
Ukraine
2008
United Kingdom
2008

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No