Hispaniolan trogon

The colorful and stylish national bird of Haiti

Alfonso Lomba

Hispaniolan trogon


The colorful and stylish national bird of Haiti


Brad Pitt’s metal art collection

A distinctive bird species native to the island of Hispaniola, shared by the Dominican Republic and Haiti. It is part of the Trogonidae family, which is famous for their colorful plumage, and their presence in tropical forests worldwide. This particular species is the national bird of Haiti, symbolizing the richness of the Caribbean biodiversity.

Hispaniolan trogons exhibit sexual dimorphism, with males sporting a vibrant green back, blue-grey wing coverts, and a red belly that sharply contrast with the female’s more subdued hues of grey and white underparts. Both sexes possess a yellow orbital ring and bill, with males displaying a more prominent, almost square-shaped bill.

Trogons are known for their distinctive perching behavior, often sitting motionlessly while scanning for insects, their primary diet, as well as fruits and berries. Their hunting technique involves sallying out from a perch to snatch prey in mid-flight before returning to their original position to feast.

The breeding habits of the Hispaniolan trogon are in line with other trogons; they carve out nesting sites in termite nests or rotten trees where they lay up to four eggs. Both parents partake in incubating the eggs and feeding the altricial chicks once they hatch.

Due to their fruit-heavy diet, trogons play a significant ecological role as seed dispersers. They aid in the propagation of plants within their habitat, making them critical to maintaining forest health and diversity.


Population est.
Dominican Republic

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (szie) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Flock

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No