Woolly mammoth

The smallest of the giants: the largest European mammal during the last ice age, yet smaller than their earlier ancestors

Thomas Quine

Also known as Mammuthus primigenius, it was a prehistoric elephant that lived during the last ice age. One of the most iconic creatures of the Pleistocene era, the woolly mammoth was renowned for its shaggy coat, massive size, and distinctive curved tusks that could reach up to 4 meters in length. This majestic beast roamed the tundra of Europe, Asia, and North America and was well-adapted to the harsh conditions of the ice age.

Despite going extinct over 4,000 years ago, the woolly mammoth continues to capture people’s imaginations worldwide. Fossils and remains of the animal have been found across the globe, providing researchers with a wealth of information about its biology and ecology. And with the possibility of bringing this ancient creature back to life through genetic engineering, the woolly mammoth remains a subject of fascination and wonder in the modern age.


Population est.
Official estimate
Extinct 10,000 years ago
Official estimate
Extinct 10,000 years ago
United States
Official estimate
Extinct 10,000 years ago

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No