Bufotes – Eurasian green toads

Once classified in genus Bufo; like their name suggests, most have green-spotted pattern

Commonly known as Palearctic green toads, these amphibians has a range spanning Europe, western and central Asia, and northern Africa. Their name is a reflection of their distinctive appearance, as these toads typically showcase varying shades and patterns of green throughout their bodies.

One of the remarkable aspects of Bufotes is their adaptability to diverse habitats. While they can be found in a wide range of environments, many species within this genus are particularly associated with freshwater or brackish water habitats, including ponds, streams, and marshes. This habitat diversity is a testament to their ability to thrive in various ecosystems.

Palearctic green toads are renowned for their hardiness and capability of enduring extreme temperatures. They can tolerate environmental conditions as high as 40°C or 104°F, showcasing their resilience in the face of challenging climates. Additionally, these toads exhibit a remarkable tolerance for desiccation, allowing them to withstand periods of water scarcity.

However, it’s worth noting that Palearctic green toads are not invulnerable, even with their adaptability. They can experience mortality when their bodies lose approximately 50% of their total water content. This sensitivity to desiccation highlights the importance of maintaining suitable moisture levels in their habitats to ensure their well-being.

Conservation efforts for Bufotes focus on preserving their native habitats, regulating water sources, and addressing potential threats such as habitat destruction, pollution, and climate change.