Sometimes used in traditional medicine due to their perceived mystical properties

This genus consists of several species of small toads found predominantly in Southeast Asia and is notable for its unique ecological adaptations and the diverse roles its members play in their respective ecosystems. This group includes some lesser-known but ecologically significant species like the Bleeding Toad (Leptophryne cruentata) and the Bornean Flat-headed Frog (Leptophryne borbonica). They are mostly found in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia, including the islands of Borneo and Java. These toads prefer moist, shaded environments like underbrush, near streams, or in damp, forested areas with high humidity and minimal temperature variations.

Members of the Leptophryne genus are generally small, typically not exceeding 2 inches in length. They often exhibit brown or grey colorations with darker patterning, which aids in their camouflage among the forest floor’s leaf litter and moss. Some species, like the Bleeding Toad, have developed remarkable defense mechanisms, such as secreting brightly colored fluids when threatened.

Toads within this genus are primarily nocturnal, emerging at night to feed on a diet of insects and other small invertebrates. Their secretive nature and small size often make them difficult to spot. These amphibians are crucial for controlling insect populations, thus maintaining the health of their ecosystems.