Ethiopian wolf

The world’s rarest canid and Africa’s most endangered carnivore, with fewer than 500 individuals remaining

Charles J. Sharp

Sometimes also referred to as the guardians of the roof of Africa, they are only found in the mountains of Ethiopia in small isolated populations threatened by habitat loss. But the most immediate concern regarding their survival is the spread of diseases among their population, such as rabies and canine distemper.

Many conservation efforts are underway along with researchers at Oxford University trying to cope with the spread of diastases in their populations under the Ethiopian Wolf Conservation Program. Moreover, several dog vaccination campaigns have also been initiated to protect them against diseases from domesticated dogs in the surrounding areas, which is a step in the right direction.


Population est.
Official estimate

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No