Maned wolf

With an identity of its own, it’s neither a wolf nor a fox — however, wearing long ears is probably a fashion statement

Jonathan Wilkins

The pointed muzzle with blackish mane (ruff of neck hair) and legs makes it easy to identify these large-sized champs. The reddish brown coat with shades of golden resembles a bit of fox; however, both are unrelated.

Interestingly the long legs result from adaptation to look over tall grassy habitats. Moreover, these solitary species only bear each other’s company during breeding. They are most active around dawn and dusk. They are often mistaken as carnivorous owing to their aggressive appearance, but they are omnivores. They enjoy fruits and vegetables and small animals like frogs, rabbits, etc. Also, their urine has a very distinctive smell which they take advantage of by using as a territorial mark.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Argentina
660
Official estimate
NT
2015
Bolivia
2015
Brazil
21,746
Official estimate
NT
2015
Paraguay
830
Official estimate
NT
2015
Peru
2015
Uruguay
2015
Possibly Extinct

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No